Gastric Sleeve Surgery
Gastric sleeve surgery is one of the most common surgeries under bariatric surgery today. It is basically called stomach reduction surgery, and gastric sleeve surgery can be referred to among the public as stomach reduction surgery. Apart from gastric sleeve surgery, there are various surgical methods under bariatric surgery.
Although methods such as gastric bypass, duodenal switch and biopnacratic diversion are applied under the scope of obesity surgery, the most commonly used surgical operation is gastric sleeve surgery. The main reasons for this are, of course, the fact that gastric sleeve surgery is both easy to apply and the process can be completed with a low risk of complications and successful results. Nevertheless, surgical practices may vary according to the individual, so a decision must be made according to the doctor's direction.
What Does Gastric Sleeve Surgery Include?
Another advantage of gastric sleeve surgery is that it can be performed completely by laparoscopic methods. In gastric sleeve surgery, which is carried out by laparoscopic methods, the majority of the stomach is removed through small incisions. An average of 80% of the current stomach is taken out. Since the laparoscopy method is applied, large incisions are not opened in this process, and both surgery and recovery time are short while at the same time, they do not cause large surgical scars.
Decision and Preparation Process Before Gastric Sleeve Surgery
Gastric sleeve surgery is mostly done in patients struggling with obesity or morbid obesity diseases. The evaluation of such patients in a multidisciplinary way under different branches is very important in the preparation for surgery. Considering all the medical history of the patient, all possible complications should be considered in advance, and experts from every branch that the patient will need should be present. The surgery team should also be a multidisciplinary team.
Gastric sleeve surgery is only one step in a long process. In some cases, patients may first need to lose weight to undergo this surgery, and the process will continue after the surgery. For this reason, it is very important that the patient is aware that he will successfully complete the process patient is in, but it is also important that the process should be performed by professionals.
Examination and Preparation Process Before Gastric Sleeve Surgery
A patient who will undergo Gastric sleeve surgery must be evaluated by general surgeons, endocrine and metabolic diseases, chest diseases, cardiology, diet and nutrition, psychiatry, physical therapy and rehabilitation and anesthesiology and reanimation branches.
Tests such as investigating whether the cause of high weight is due to endocrine and metabolic disease, blood tests, ECG, pulmonary function tests, body composition analysis, endoscopy can be requested. Additional tests may also be ordered depending on medical history. The information received at the end of this entire examination and examination process produces a cumulative result and preparation is made for the surgical process in the light of this information collected from the patient.
Things To Be Considered A Day Before Gastric Sleeve Surgery
The evening of the day before the operation, patient should stop eating and the fluid intake on the night of the day before the surgery should also stop. Apart from these, if medications such as blood thinners and intestinal cleansers are given by the doctor, it is very important to take them at the right time and in the right way.
Process After Gastric Sleeve Surgery and Things to Consider
Patients can be taken to normal rooms or intensive care units after the operation according to the patients condition and the operation process. No solid or liquid food intake takes place within a few days. Then, with the passage radiograph, it is checked whether the operation process has been successfully completed and then the patient's fluid intake with drinks such as water and milk begins again. If no problems are observed, patients are discharged.
Gastric sleeve surgery is in most cases just the beginning of the process. It is recommended to consume liquid or near-liquid foods for a while in the postoperative period, multivitamin drugs are recommended as support and when the patient returns to his normal life, he continues the process with a serious diet. In this process, the individual should proceed in a balanced way within the framework of the program prepared by doctor and should not neglect the controls.